- Ability to create links to other Mac files: within Boxer you can now
create "references" to files created by other applications. Double-clicking
on a reference starts the appropriate application, loaded with the document
the link points to.
- Sending and receiving email, including enclosures.
- New programming primitives, including sprite and sound primitives.
- Adjustable fonts (font, size, color, and style) in text and graphics.
- Scores of bug fixes.
- Revised file system with smaller files.
- Updated demos and documentation, including new tools such as a Boxer
- Expanded "Boxer hub" with more Boxer materials and references.
Other Mac Documents
It is now possible to embed references to other Macintosh documents
inside of Boxer. Using the "Link to Mac File" item under the "File" menu
will bring up a file selection dialog box. A boxer reference to the selected
file is inserted at the current cursor location. The reference will appear
as the Finder Icon for the selected file. Click on the icon to change
the reference, move the file or open the document using the appropriate
application. Double clicking is a shortcut for opening the document.
Sending and Receiving Mail
There are now primitives for sending and receiving mail. These primitives
provide only the very basic level of functionality. A sample Boxer-implemented
mail reader will be included with the new release demonstration programs.
- MAIL <address> <message>
- sends the contents of the <message> box to the <address>.
Multiple addresses can appear in the <address> box, one per row.
The text in the <message> box is sent as plain text. Any sub boxes
are sent as mail enclosures. To include a subject in the outgoing mail,
use a box named "subject" in the closet of the <message> box.
- Enclosures can be sent by linking to Mac documents in the body of
the message. Received enclosures appear as mac document links. The enclosures
are saved in a "mail" folder in the main boxer folder. The "Move" option
can be used to place the enclosures elsewhere.
- GET-MAIL <mailbox> <delete?>
- read mail using the POP3 protocol. This is a popular mail reading
protocol used by applications such as Eudora, and Netscape Communicator.
<mailbox> should be an mailbox address, e.g. firstname.lastname@example.org.
The <delete?> parameter should be either true or false and it
specifies whether to remove the messages from the server after reading
Get-Mail returns a box full of messages. Each message in turn is
a box. A message box will display the text of the message. In addition,
the closet of each message box can have named data boxes containing
the contents of certain lines in the header, if those fields are present
in the header of the message. This allows for the possibility of programmatic
sorting of messages. Currently, these fields are: "Sender", "Reply-to",
"From", "To", "Subject", "Date", and "cc".
The following preferences (available via the "Preferences..." item
in the "Edit" menu) are relevant to sending and receiving mail.
- specifies the return address on outgoing mail. By convention, it
is also used as the default password for anonymous login in internet
- specifies the machine that is to be used to send mail to the internet.
- Plain text messages which are larger than this parameter will appear
as a mac document reference. This parameter is initially set to 20,000
The font menu now has separate items to specify the font family, style,
size and color of text. If there is a selected region, then the text in
that region is changed to the new attributes. If there is no selected
region, then any subsequent text will appear with the newly selected attributes.
The SET-TYPE-FONT Primitive now takes a fontspec as its argument. A
fontspec is a box in which the first item is the name of an available
font, the second item is a number specifying the font size and, optionally,
additional keywords specifying the face style such as bold, italic or
The default on resizing boxes is now "manual" in the case of graphics
boxes, and automatic in the case of other boxes.
Scrolling information is now attached to boxes, so scroll state is retained.
Mail can now decode binhex, and outgoing binaries are sent in appledouble
New Key Bindings
Home, End -- move to beginning or end of current box
PageUp, PageDown -- scroll up or down one box length.
delX key (under the help key) -- behaves like a backwards delete
key (deletes the char/word to the right instead of to the left).
New Sprite Primitives
- makes a short clicking sound. This differs from the BEEP primitive
in both duration and the fact that it play synchronously. That is, programs
will not continue running while the sound is playing.
- This primitive is used to explicitly mark a box as modified, and
therefore, ready for saving to a file. It is used in conjunction will
the ASK/TELL command to specify the box top me marked.
- ALL-OF <clauses>, ANY-OF <clauses>
- These are boolean primitives. The clauses argument should be a data
box that has one or more boolean expressions. Each expression should
be on a separate line. ALL-OF is like AND and ANY-OF behaves like OR.
ALL-OF [ 2 = 2 ] | [FALSE]
[ 3 > 4 ]
[ 5 < 8 ]
ANY-OF [ 2 = 2 ] | [TRUE]
[ 3 > 4 ]
[ 5 < 8 ]
- STAMP-WEDGE <radius> <sweep angle> and
STAMP-ARC <radius> <sweep angle>
- Draw a section of a circle (a filled circle in the case of STAMP-WEDGE)
with the specified radius in the current pen color. The section starts
at the current heading of the sprite and extends in a clockwise direction
To download Boxer 2.3, proceed to the download
page. To find out more about Boxer and the Boxer Group's activities,
please return to the Boxer home page.